It’s fitting that a mommy porn fan fiction spawned from the "Twilight" books and movies will hit theaters in February 2015. As a 40-year-old mother who enjoyed the Twilight series and the movies, I recall the moment of awkward creepiness as I watched the Breaking Dawn, Part 1 sex scene with my group of girlfriends at the 2011 movie premiere. It was then that it hit me that 100+-year-old stone-cold vampire Edward was painfully screwing his warm virgin bride, bringing new meaning to the characterization that he was a cold, hard prick. Sure, I had read the scene in paperback, but seeing it made me redefine the Bella character as a submissive—a natural story predecessor to Fifty Shades of Grey.
Breaking Dawn, Part 1 was my least favorite movie of the series and comes as no surprise to me that it ranks #4 in gross adjusted domestic sales out of the five films (Eclipse, New Moon, Breaking Dawn #2, Breaking Dawn #1, Twilight, respectively).
Was reading the book and seeing the film that different of an experience to alter the story for me completely? Until I saw that sex scene, I had never thought about the mechanics of HOW old-man vampire and teen girl would make love. While I read the book, my thoughts were “finally, they can get some,” smiling while thinking of doing something romantic with my sweet husband. In the theater, my only thought was “Ouch; poor unsatisfied virgin Bella.” Obviously, E.L. James understood vampire sex and created her erotic tale of domination and submission. What I read as a teen love story changed. Was it because I saw the characters’ uncomfortable sex scene?
Research indicates: yes, absolutely.
A brief history of the significant research
In 2009, researchers at UC California at Davis, Dean Keith Simonton and Anemone Cerridwen found that nudity and explicit sex scenes don't sell major motion pictures. "Sex did not sell, whether in the domestic or international box office, and even after controlling for MPAA rating," said Simonton. The biggest blockbusters kept the bedroom door closed.
In 2012, Ira Kalb, Marshall School of Business, USC challenged the “Sex Sells” mantra in Business Insider and explained that sex sells only when the product being sold is related to sex, steering decision-makers away from explicit sex in film and advertising. For non-sexual products including mainstream teen or family films, explicit sex reduced product recall and liking.
At the same time that all this research showed studios the risk of explicit sex in film, the Breaking Dawn, Part 2, movie released on November 2012, concluding the book and film series that inspired an erotica story trend. The Fifty Shades of Grey ebooks were emerging from "Twilight" fan fiction erotica e-reader shelves. First published in 2011, with the third, Fifty Shades Freed, in January 2012 the ebooks soared in popularity, bringing E.L. James a traditional publishing deal that has sold over 100 million copies and has the potential to sell even more than its "Twilight" parent.
The world noticed. Surely those 100,000 consumers of explicitly erotic scenes featuring elements of sexual practices involving bondage/discipline, dominance/submission, and sadism/masochism (BDSM) between a 21-year-old college virgin and a 27-year-old self-made millionaire control-freak indicate that they want more sex in everything. The “sex sells” assumption has come back from the dead.
Desperate to grab attention in an over-saturated consumer product marketplace, advertisers and film producers again hype the myth that sex sells all products. Advertisers and indie film producers continue to produce over-sexualized images with minimal success, securing targeted, but limited audiences.
Meanwhile, the top grossing films year-over-year do not contain explicit sex scenes. None of the top 10 films of 2014 has an explicit sex scene. Are consumers buying movie tickets to the sexually clean types of movies they want to see or are studios too influenced from flawed research?
New research presented by Robert Lull at the 2014 meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology working with Brad J. Bushman, Ph.D. professor of communication and psychology, again says that sex doesn’t sell out of context.
Lull’s timely research, conducted with awareness that the erotica frenzy challenged existing data, looks at dozens of previous studies to summarize the research in a specific field. The paper which will be released later this year analyzed both the effects of violent/sexual media on brand memory, brand attitudes, and buying intentions and the effects of violent/sexual ads on brand memory, brand attitudes, and buying intentions. In other words, Lull examined (1) violent/sexual programs in which ads are placed and (2) ads that feature violence and sex themselves and found:
- Brands advertised in violent or sexual media content are less likely to be remembered, are evaluated less favorably, and are less likely to be purchased than brands advertised in nonviolent and nonsexual media content
- Brands advertised using sexual ads are evaluated less favorably than brands advertised using nonsexual ads
- Brand memory, brand attitudes, and buying intentions all decreased as the intensity of sexual ads increased
All studios have eyes on the theater seats,
As Lull’s work relates to the "Fifty’s Shades" film’s chance at blockbuster rankings, the questions will be if R-rated moviegoers want to consume an intense sex-story at the local cinema: Will sex sell a sex movie to the audience who read the ebook? Will they evaluate it positively? Will they recommend it to others?
The scene lighting better be good because all studios are watching. "Fifty Shades" is a relationship story based on sexual acts creating turmoil and plot twists between the emotionally-distant, abusive dominator and his submissive. The target audience for erotic film is those consumers who want to see it on screen, not those who read it and laughed or cringed or whatever compelled 100,000 people to make it an ebook hit.
For all of the moms who said good-bye and thank you to their beloved Edward and Bella and then made its Fifty Shades of Grey offspring a huge best seller, there is a difference between a bored mom laughing about some nasty sex scene with her friends during book club and watching it at the neighborhood cinema in the dark.
Will explicit sex create a blockbuster on screen? Well, that’s up to you. For me, there’s no way I’m seeing mommy porn. I’ll just continue to laugh about the ridiculous scenes with my girlfriends while we share a few bottles of wine. No, we don’t use them that way! We’ll leave that up to the college student. (More on social responsibility later.) Ewww.
Carla J. Hanna, having lived in Santa Monica, California has had exposure to a few good celebrity moms. She is author of The Starlet Series, books about celebrity life and a must read for anyone pursuing a dream to become a star.
Box Office Mojo: http://boxofficemojo.com/franchises/chart/?id=twilight.htm
2009 CNN Yearly Recap: Does Sex Sell Movies? Uh, Not Really http://www.cnn.com/2009/SHOWBIZ/Movies/12/29/sex.doesnt.sell.movies/index.html
2012 Think Again http://www.businessinsider.com/do-you-think-sex-sells-think-again-2012-4#ixzz3NyQfdEOd
2012 Fifty Shades Series http://www.huffingtonpost.com/bethany-sales/fifty-shades-of-grey-publishing_b_3109547.html
Do Sex and Violence Sell? A Meta-Analytic Review of the Effects of Sexual and Violent Media and Ad Content on Memory, Attitudes, and Buying Intentions by Robert Lull; Brad J. Bushman, Ph.D., Professor of Communication and Psychology, Margaret Hall and Robert Randal Rinehart Chair of Mass Communication, School of Communication, The Ohio State University